Here is a brief understanding of land classification in Nigeria.
Classified or Acquire Land
Under the Nigerian land system, land can be classified as either free or acquired. Land is considered free if the government has not indicated any interest whatsoever in that land. Such land is safe to buy because the title on the land be perfected without issues. In most cases, such lands will either have a gazette, a certificate of occupancy C of O or a governor’s consent.
Lands that are under “general acquisition or global acquisition” can later be confirmed ‘free’ or ‘uncommitted’. A land under general acquisition can become free by a process called Excision. “Excision is a process whereby the government releases a portion of an expanse of land that is not committed”. If a parcel of land that was formerly under acquisition becomes excised, it is then considered free and become gazette. The gazette then becomes the title on the land and such land is safe to buy because a proper title can be processed on the land.
Nigerian Legal Law
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